An electric vehicle, or EV for short, is powered by electricity stored in a battery. For example, the Nissan Leaf can travel about 100 miles on a single charge. Here are the types of electric vehicles
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) are powered by gasoline and an electric motor. The advantage of an HEV is that it combines the flexibility of an internal combustion engine with the efficiency of an extremely efficient powertrain. It is also possible to power a vehicle with natural gas, propane, or hydrogen fuel cell in combination with the internal combustion engine (ICE).
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) are typically more fuel-efficient than a normal gas-powered vehicles since they have smaller gas engines. Hybrid owners generally have to fill up less often and carpool more often.
A hybrid vehicle uses both a battery-powered electric motor and an internal combustion engine (ICE) powered by gasoline or diesel fuel. Most hybrids on the market today are primarily powered by an electric motor, with the ICE usually acting as a generator to recharge the batteries for additional power when needed. The ICE is only used when needed, rather than continuously running like in standard combustion engine vehicles.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) are also equipped with an internal combustion engine and a battery. The battery provides additional power to commute short distances.
At the end of the day, it is possible to plug a PHEV and recharge the battery to be able to cover longer distances. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) use a full battery charge to power the ICE and motor but can plug into the electric grid or a conventional outlet to recharge.
With this type of vehicle, once all gas has been used up, the car will not be able to operate without either recharging or refueling. This is important since if there is no option to recharge while using electricity, drivers would have to stop using electricity altogether. PHEVs are also more expensive than full hybrids, as they require advanced technology that allows them to switch seamlessly between operating modes.
Battery Electric Vehicles
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) have no internal combustion engine and are powered by an electric motor.
They are usually built along with the battery and the powertrain. The advantage of a BEV is its lightweight, high range, and the fact that it can be recharged to full capacity in a few hours. Zero-emission vehicles (ZEV) use no gasoline at all in the powertrain.
They produce zero emissions in the entire usage cycle from well-to-wheel, meaning that emissions are produced during energy generation and used up during propulsion as well as when not being driven. Examples of a ZEV include the Tesla Model S and the Toyota Mirai.
There are a variety of benefits to owning an EV. The first benefit is that it can be charged at home and at any public charging station. This makes getting around far easier than if you had to rely on gasoline-powered cars.